Processes for creating versatile and selective metal patterns (such as copper and nickel) combine the use of PEM coatings, microcontact printing (MCP), and electroless deposition. MCP is used to pattern a charged catalyst (such as palladium and stannous ions) onto oppositely charged PEM coated substrates. The substrate is then placed into an electroless deposition bath where a metal selectively plates at the catalyzed regions.
Lee, I., T. R. Hendricks
US 20080014356 A1