Plasma can be applied to selectively etch and pattern graphene layers for use as electrodes and for electronic device fabrication. Graphene may also be plasma oxidized to introduce defects and increase surface hydrophilicity. Below are users' publications that report using our plasma instruments to treat graphene surfaces for various electronic, sensing, and mechanical applications.


  • Kidambi, Piran R., Giang D. Nguyen, Sui Zhang, Qu Chen, Jing Kong, Jamie Warner, An-Ping Li, Rohit Karnik "Facile Fabrication of Large-Area Atomically Thin Membranes by Direct Synthesis of Graphene with Nanoscale Porosity" Adv. Mater. (2018) : 1804977. doi:10.1002/adma.201804977
  • Kumar, Vikram, Sujeet K. Sinha Agarwal, A. K. Agarwal "Tribology of Epoxy Composites (Graphene and Graphite) Coatings on Steel in Dry and Lubricated Conditions" Tribology - Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces (2015) 9: 144-153. doi:10.1021/jp9079298
  • Wang, Wei, Yilin Cheng, Tao Kong, Guosheng Cheng "Iron nanoparticles decoration onto three-dimensional graphene for rapid and efficient degradation of azo dye" J. Hazard. Mater. (2015) 299: 50-58. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.06.010
  • Antiohos, Dennis, Mark S. Romano, Joselito M. Razal, Stephen Beirne, Phil Aitchison, Andrew I. Minett, Gordon G. Wallace, Jun Chen "Performance enhancement of single-walled nanotube-microwave exfoliated graphene oxide composite electrodes using a stacked electrode configuration" J. Mater. Chem. A (2014) 2: 14835-14843. doi:10.1039/c4ta02190h
  • Chung, Dae Sung, Sung Min Lee, Jang Yeol Back, Soon-Ki Kwon, Yun-Hi Kim, Suk Tai Chang "High Performance Organic Nonvolatile Flash Memory Transistors with High-Resolution Reduced Graphene Oxide Patterns as a Floating Gate" ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2014) 6: 9524-9529. doi:10.1021/am501909v
  • Kim, Nam Hee, Beom Jun Kim, Yeongun Ko, Jeong Ho Cho, Suk Tai Chang "Surface Energy Engineered, High-Resolution Micropatterning of Solution-Processed Reduced Graphene Oxide Thin Films" Adv. Mater. (2013) 25: 894-898. doi:10.1002/adma.201203881
  • George, Antony, S. Mathew, Raoul van Gastel, Maarten Nijland, K. Gopinadhan, Peter Brinks, T. Venkatesan, Johan E. ten Elshof "Large Area Resist-Free Soft Lithographic Patterning of Graphene" Small (2012) 9: 711-715. doi:10.1002/smll.201201889
  • Xiao, Ni, Xiaochen Dong, Li Song, Dayong Liu, YeeYan Tay, Shixin Wu, Lain-Jong Li, Yang Zhao, Ting Yu, Hua Zhang, Wei Huang, Huey Hoon Hng, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Qingyu Yan "Enhanced thermopower of graphene films with oxygen plasma treatment" ACS Nano (2011) 5: 2749-2755. doi:10.1021/nn2001849
  • Unarunotai, S., J.C. Koepke, C.-L Tsai, F. Du, C.E. Chialvo, Y. Murata, R. Haasch, I. Petrov, N. Mason, M. Shim, J. Lyding, J.A. Rogers "Layer-by-Layer Transfer of Multiple, Large Area Sheets of Graphene Grown in Multilayer Stacks on a Single SiC Wafer" ACS Nano (2010) 4 (10): 5591-5598. doi:10.1021/nn101896a
  • Wang, Y., Y. Shao, D. W. Matson, J. Li, Y. Lin "Nitrogen-Doped Graphene and Its Application in Electrochemical Biosensing" ACS Nano (2010) 4(4): 1790-1798. doi:10.1021/nn100315s