Nanofibers are fibers that have a diameter of less than 100 nanometers. They can be assembled to form fibrous meshes or membranes and have a range of applications, including use as scaffolds for tissue engineering and for filtration applications. Plasma treatment can prepare fiber surfaces prior to attaching functional molecules or to alter fiber properties.


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Zander NE, Gillan M, and Sweetser D. "Recycled PET Nanofibers for Water Filtration Applications". Materials 2016 9: 247 10.3390/ma9040247
Lai C-C, and Lo C-T. "Effect of Temperature on Morphology and Electrochemical Capacitive Properties of Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers and Nickel Hydroxide Composites". Electrochim. Acta 2015 174: 806--814 10.1016/j.electacta.2015.06.077
Mohiti-Asli M, Saha S, Murphy SV, Gracz H, Pourdeyhimi B, Atala A, and Loboa EG. "Ibuprofen loaded PLA nanofibrous scaffolds increase proliferation of human skin cells in vitro and promote healing of full thickness incision wounds in vivo". J. Biomed. Mater. Res. B 2015 105: 327--339 10.1002/jbm.b.33520
Wu R, Niamat RA, Sansbury B, and Borjigin M. "Fabrication and Evaluation of Multilayer Nanofiber-Hydrogel Meshes with a Controlled Release Property". Fibers 2015 3: 296--308 10.3390/fib3030296
Jiang J, Xie J, Ma B, Bartlett DE, Xu A, and Wang C-H. "Mussel-inspired protein-mediated surface functionalization of electrospun nanofibers for pH-responsive drug delivery". Acta Biomater. 2014 10: 1324--1332 10.1016/j.actbio.2013.11.012
Li J, Cho Y, Choi I-S, and Yang S. "Transforming one-dimensional nanowalls to long-range ordered two-dimensional nanowaves: exploiting buckling instability and nanofibers effect in holographic lithography". Adv. Funct. Mater. 2014 24: 2361--2366 10.1002/adfm.201302826
Sridhar R, Madhaiyan K, Sundarrajan S, Gora A, Venugopal JR, and Ramakrishna S. "Cross-linking of protein scaffolds for therapeutic applications: PCL nanofibers delivering riboflavin for protein cross-linking". J. Mater. Chem. B 2014 2: 1626--1633 10.1039/c3tb21789b
Madhaiyan K, Sridhar R, Sundarrajan S, Venugopal JR, and Ramakrishna S. "Vitamin B 12 loaded polycaprolactone nanofibers: A novel transdermal route for the water soluble energy supplement delivery". Int. J. Pharm. 2013 444: 70--76 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2013.01.040
Rao SS, Nelson MT, Xue R, DeJesus JK, Viapiano MS, Lannutti JJ, Sarkar A, and Winter JO. "Mimicking white matter tract topography using core–shell electrospun nanofibers to examine migration of malignant brain tumors". Biomaterials 2013 34: 5181--5190 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.03.069
Gao L, Lv S, and Xing S. "Facile route to achieve silver@polyaniline nanofibers". Synth. Met. 2012 162: 948 -- 952 10.1016/j.synthmet.2012.04.026
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Gentsch R, Pippig F, Schmidt S, Cernoch P, Polleux J, and Borner HG. "Single-Step Electrospinning to Bioactive Polymer Nanofibers". Macromolecules 2011 44: 453--461 10.1021/ma102847a
Sun T, Donoghue P, Higginson J, Gadegaard N, Barnett S, and Riehle M. "The interactions of astrocytes and fibroblasts with defined pore structures in static and perfusion cultures". Biomaterials 2011 32: 2021 -- 2031 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.11.046
Aulin C, Johansson E, Wagberg L, and Lindstrom T. "Self-Organized Films from Cellulose I Nanofibrils Using the Layer-by-Layer Technique". Biomacromolecules 2010 11: 872--882 10.1021/bm100075e
Cho Y, Park J, Park H, Cheng X, Kim B, and Han A. "Fabrication of high-aspect-ratio polymer nanochannels using a novel Si nanoimprint mold and solvent-assisted sealing". Microfluid. Nanofluid. 2010 9: 163--170 10.1007/s10404-009-0509-3
Kumar H, Hosur M, and Netravali A. "Characterization of Interface Properties of Clay Nanoplatelet-Filled Epoxy Resin and Carbon Fiber by Single Fiber Composite Technique". J. Adhes. Sci. Technol. 2010 24: 217--236 10.1163/016942409x12538812546956
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Sano M, Rojas A, Gatenholm P, and Davalos R. "Electromagnetically Controlled Biological Assembly of Aligned Bacterial Cellulose Nanofibers". Ann. Biomed. Eng. 2010 38: 2475--2484 10.1007/s10439-010-9999-0
Chan C, Liao S, Li B, Lareu R, Larrick J, Ramakrishna S, and Raghunath M. "Early adhesive behavior of bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells on collagen electrospun fibers". Biomed. Mater. 2009 4: 35006 10.1088/1748-6041/4/3/035006
Gupta D, Venugopal J, Mitra S, Dev VRG, and Ramakrishna S. "Nanostructured biocomposite substrates by electrospinning and electrospraying for the mineralization of osteoblasts". Biomaterials 2009 30: 2085--2094 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2008.12.079
Lu HJ, Feng ZQ, Gu ZZ, and Liu CJ. "Growth of outgrowth endothelial cells on aligned PLLA nanofibrous scaffolds". J. Mater. Sci. 2009 20: 1937--1944 10.1007/s10856-009-3744-y
Koh H, Yong T, Chan C, and Ramakrishna S. "Enhancement of neurite outgrowth using nano-structured scaffolds coupled with laminin". Biomaterials 2008 29: 3574--3582 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2008.05.014
Prabhakaran MP, Venugopal J, Chan CK, and Ramakrishna S. "Surface modified electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering". Nanotechnology 2008 19: 455102 10.1088/0957-4484/19/45/455102
Ramaratnam K, Iyer SK, Kinnan MK, Chumanov G, Brown PJ, and Luzinov I. "Ultrahydrophobic Textiles Using Nanoparticles: Lotus Approach". J. Eng. Fibers Fabr. 2008 3: 1--14 10.1177/155892500800300402
Yang F, Wolke JGC, and Jansen JA. "Biomimetic calcium phosphate coating on electrospun poly (epsilon-caprolactone) scaffolds for bone tissue engineering". Chem. Eng. J. 2008 137: 154--161 10.1016/j.cej.2007.07.076
He W, Yong T, Ma ZW, Inai R, Teo WE, and Ramakrishna S. "Biodegradable polymer nanofiber mesh to maintain functions of endothelial cells". Tissue Eng. 2006 12: 2457--2466 10.1089/ten.2006.12.ft-195
Fujihara K, Kotaki M, and Ramakrishna S. "Guided bone regeneration membrane made of polycaprolactone/calcium carbonate composite nano-fibers". Biomaterials 2005 26: 4139--4147 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.09.014
He W, Ma ZW, Yong T, Teo WE, and Ramakrishna S. "Fabrication of collagen-coated biodegradable polymer nanofiber mesh and its potential for endothelial cells growth". Biomaterials 2005 26: 7606--7615 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2005.05.049


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