Plasma can be applied to selectively etch and pattern graphene layers for use as electrodes and for electronic device fabrication. Graphene may also be plasma oxidized to introduce defects and increase surface hydrophilicity. Below are users' publications that report using our plasma instruments to treat graphene surfaces for various electronic, sensing, and mechanical applications.


Kidambi PR, Mariappan DD, Dee NT, Vyatskikh A, Zhang S, Karnik R, and Hart AJ. "A Scalable Route to Nanoporous Large-Area Atomically Thin Graphene Membranes by Roll-to-Roll Chemical Vapor Deposition and Polymer Support Casting". ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2018 10: 10369-10378 10.1021/acsami.8b00846
Kidambi PR, Nguyen GD, Zhang S, Chen Q, Kong J, Warner J, Li A-P, and Karnik R. "Facile Fabrication of Large-Area Atomically Thin Membranes by Direct Synthesis of Graphene with Nanoscale Porosity". Adv. Mater. 2018 1804977 10.1002/adma.201804977
Kidambi PR, Jang D, Idrobo J-C, Boutilier MSH, Wang L, Kong J, and Karnik R. "Nanoporous Atomically Thin Graphene Membranes for Desalting and Dialysis Applications". Adv. Mater. 2017 29: 1700277 10.1002/adma.201700277
Ryu GH, Lee J, Kang D, Jo HJ, Shin HS, and Lee Z. "Effects of dry oxidation treatments on monolayer graphene". 2D Mater. 2017 4: 24011 10.1088/2053-1583/aa75a9
Yanilmaz A, Tomak A, Akbali B, Bacaksiz C, Ozceri E, Ari O, Senger RT, Selamet Y, and Zareie HM. "Nitrogen doping for facile and effective modification of graphene surfaces". RSC Adv. 2017 7: 28383-28392 10.1039/C7RA03046K
Zeng X, Peng Y, and Lang H. "A novel approach to decrease friction of graphene". Carbon 2017 118: 233-240 10.1016/j.carbon.2017.03.042
Kumar V, Agarwal SKS, and Agarwal AK. "Tribology of Epoxy Composites (Graphene and Graphite) Coatings on Steel in Dry and Lubricated Conditions". 2015 9: 144--153 Link
Wang W, Cheng Y, Kong T, and Cheng G. "Iron nanoparticles decoration onto three-dimensional graphene for rapid and efficient degradation of azo dye". J. Hazard. Mater. 2015 299: 50--58 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.06.010
Antiohos D, Romano MS, Razal JM, Beirne S, Aitchison P, Minett AI, Wallace GG, and Chen J. "Performance enhancement of single-walled nanotube-microwave exfoliated graphene oxide composite electrodes using a stacked electrode configuration". J. Mater. Chem. A 2014 2: 14835--14843 10.1039/c4ta02190h
Chung DS, Lee SM, Back JY, Kwon S-K, Kim Y-H, and Chang ST. "High Performance Organic Nonvolatile Flash Memory Transistors with High-Resolution Reduced Graphene Oxide Patterns as a Floating Gate". ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014 6: 9524--9529 10.1021/am501909v
Kim NH, Kim BJ, Ko Y, Cho JH, and Chang ST. "Surface Energy Engineered, High-Resolution Micropatterning of Solution-Processed Reduced Graphene Oxide Thin Films". Adv. Mater. 2013 25: 894--898 10.1002/adma.201203881
George A, Mathew S, van Gastel R, Nijland M, Gopinadhan K, Brinks P, Venkatesan T, and ten Elshof JE. "Large Area Resist-Free Soft Lithographic Patterning of Graphene". Small 2012 9: 711--715 10.1002/smll.201201889
Xiao N, Dong X, Song L, Liu D, Tay Y, Wu S, Li L-J, Zhao Y, Yu T, Zhang H, Huang W, Hng HH, Ajayan PM, and Yan Q. "Enhanced Thermopower of Graphene Films with Oxygen Plasma Treatment". ACS Nano 2011 5: 2749--2755 10.1021/nn2001849
Unarunotai S, Koepke JC, Tsai C-L, Du F, Chialvo CE, Murata Y, Haasch R, Petrov I, Mason N, Shim M, Lyding J, and Rogers JA. "Layer-by-Layer Transfer of Multiple, Large Area Sheets of Graphene Grown in Multilayer Stacks on a Single SiC Wafer". ACS Nano 2010 4: 5591--5598 10.1021/nn101896a
Wang Y, Shao Y, Matson D, Li J, and Lin Y. "Nitrogen-Doped Graphene and Its Application in Electrochemical Biosensing". ACS Nano 2010 4: 1790--1798 10.1021/nn100315s
Zhou X, Lu G, Qi X, Wu S, Li H, Boey F, and Zhang H. "A Method for Fabrication of Graphene Oxide Nanoribbons from Graphene Oxide Wrinkles". J. Phys. Chem. C 2009 113: 19119--19122 10.1021/jp9079298

Harrick Plasma is a leading supplier of plasma equipment to the research community. We have been providing quality tabletop plasma devices specifically designed for laboratory and R&D use for over 30 years.