In this study, we use solution-processable crystalline TiO2 nanoparticles as a buffer layer between the active layer and aluminum cathode to fabricate the P3HT:PCBM-based bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. The employment of the presynthesized TiO2 nanoparticles simplifies the fabrication of OPV devices because of the elimination of an additional hydrolysis step of precursors in air. The fabricated OPV devices with the thermally stable TiO2 buffer layer are subjected to the further postdeposition thermal annealing, resulting in a power conversion efficiency (PCE) as high as 3.94%. The improved device performance could be attributed to the electron transporting and hole blocking capabilities due to the introduced TiO2 buffer layer.
Salim, T., Z. Yin, S. Sun, X. Huang, H. Zhang, Y.M. Lam
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces