Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have long served as integral components in signal transduction modalities such as Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). The majority of bioanalytical methods using QDs for FRET-based techniques simply monitor binding-induced conformational changes. In more recent work, QDs have been incorporated into solid-phase support systems, such as microfluidic chips, to serve as physical platforms in the development of functional biosensors and bioprobes. Herein, we describe a simple strategy for the transduction of nucleic acid hybridization that combines a novel design method based on FRET with an electrokinetically controlled microfluidic technology, and that offers further potential for amelioration of sample-handling issues and for simplification of dynamic stringency control.
Tavares, Anthony J., M. Omair Noor, Uvaraj Uddayasankar, Ulrich J. Krull, Charles H. Vannoy
Quantum Dots: Applications in Biology