The reversible switching of uptake and release of the proteins lysozyme (LYZ, IEP = 11.1) and human serum albumin (HSA, IEP = 4.8) at the surface attached polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) consisting of poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAC) is shown. Protein adsorption could be switched by pH setting due to electrostatic interaction. Adsorption of positively charged LYZ at PEM-6 took place at pH = 7.3, where the outermost PAC layer was negatively charged. Complete desorption was obtained at pH = 4, where the outermost PAC layer was neutral. Additionally the charge state of the last adsorbed PAC layer in dependence of the pH of the medium could be determined in the ATR-FTIR difference spectra by the ν(COO-) and ν(C=O) band due to carboxylate and carboxylic acid groups. Adsorption of negatively charged HSA at PEM-7 was achieved at pH = 7.3, where the outermost PEI layer was positively charged. Part desorption was obtained at pH = 10, where the outermost PEI layer was neutral. PEM of PEI/PAC may be used for the development of bioactive and bionert materials and protein sensors.
Müller, M., B. Kessler, H. J. Adler, K. Lunkwitz