This work reports a study of protein adsorption and cell adhesion on binary self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkanethiols with terminal perfluoroalkyl (PFA) and oligo(ethylene glycol) (OEG) chains in varying ratios. The surface chemistry of the SAMs was characterized by contact angle measurement, grazing angle infrared spectroscopy (GIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and the effect on protein adsorption was investigated by surface plasmon resonance, GIR, and immunosorbent assay. Hela cell adhesion on these surfaces was also studied by fluorescence microscopy. Results reveal that, compared to OEG, PFA tended to be a higher fraction of the composition in SAM than in the assembly solution. More interestingly, the nearly 38% PFA SAM had a strong antifouling property whereas the 74% PFA SAM showed a high adsorption capacity to protein and cell. The binary PFA/OEG SAMs were favorable for maintaining the fibrinogen conformation, hence its high activity. The findings may have important implications for constructing PFA-containing surfaces with the distinct properties that is highly resistant or highly favorable toward protein adsorption and cell adhesion.
Li, Shanshan, Dingyun Yang, Haiyang Tu, Hongtao Deng, Dan Du, Aidong Zhang
Journal of colloid and interface science