We previously developed cell-based kinetics assays of chloride channel modulators utilizing genetically encoded yellow fluorescent proteins. Fluorescence platereader-based high-throughput screens yielded small-molecule activators and inhibitors of the cAMP-activated chloride channel CFTR and calcium-activated chloride channels, including TMEM16A. Here, we report a microfluidics platform for single-shot determination of concentration-activity relations in which a 1.5 x 1.5 mm square area of adherent cultured cells is exposed for 5-10 min to a pseudo-logarithmic gradient of test compound generated by iterative, two-component channel mixing. Cell fluorescence is imaged following perfusion with an iodide-containing solution to give iodide influx rate at each location in the image field, thus quantifying modulator effects over a wide range of concentrations in a single measurement. IC50 determined for CFTR and TMEM16A activators and inhibitors by single-shot microfluidics were in agreement with conventional plate reader measurements. The microfluidics approach developed here may accelerate the discovery and characterization of chloride channel-targeted drugs.
Jin, Byung-Ju, Eun-A Ko, Wan Namkung, A. S. Verkman