We report on the development of a simple and easy to use microchip dedicated to allergy diagnosis. This microchip combines both the advantages of homogeneous immunoassays i.e. species diffusion and heterogeneous immunoassays i.e. easy separation and preconcentration steps. In vitro allergy diagnosis is based on specific Immunoglobulin E (IgE) quantitation, in that way we have developed and integrated magnetic core–shell nanoparticles (MCSNPs) as an IgE capture nanoplatform in a microdevice taking benefit from both their magnetic and colloidal properties. Integrating such immunosupport allows to perform the target analyte (IgE) capture in the colloidal phase thus increasing the analyte capture kinetics since both immunological partners are diffusing during the immune reaction. This colloidal approach improves 1000 times the analyte capture kinetics compared to conventional methods. Moreover, based on the MCSNPs’ magnetic properties and on the magnetic chamber we have previously developed the MCSNPs and therefore the target can be confined and preconcentrated within the microdevice prior to the detection step. The MCSNPs preconcentration factor achieved was about 35 000 and allows to reach high sensitivity thus avoiding catalytic amplification during the detection step. The developed microchip offers many advantages: the analytical procedure was fully integrated on-chip, analyses were performed in short assay time (20 min), the sample and reagents consumption was reduced to few microlitres (5 mL) while a low limit of detection can be achieved (about 1 ng mL-1).
Teste, B., F. Malloggi, J.M. Siaugue, A. Varenne, F. Kanoufi, S. Descroix