Does L to D-amino acid substitution trigger helix → sheet conformations in collagen like peptides adsorbed to surfaces?

The present work reports on the structural order, self assembling behaviour and the role in adsorption to hydrophilic or hydrophobic solid surfaces of modified sequence from the triple helical peptide model of the collagenase cleavage site in type I collagen (Uniprot accession number P02452 residues from 935 to 970) using DAla and DIle substitutions as given in the models below: Model-1: GSOGADGPAGAOGTOGPQGIAGQRGVV GLOGQRGER. Model-2: GSOGADGPDAGAOGTOGPQGIAGQRGVVGLOGQRGER. Model-3: GSOGADGPAGAOGTOGPQGDIAGQRGVVGLOGQRGER. Collagenase is an important enzyme that plays an important role in degrading collagen in wound healing, cancer metastasis and even in embryonic development. However, the mechanism by which this degradation occurs is not completely understood. Our results show that adsorption of the peptides to the solid surfaces, specifically hydrophobic triggers a helix to beta transition with order increasing in peptide models 2 and 3. This restricts the collagenolytic behaviour of collagenase and may find application in design of peptides and peptidomimetics for enzyme-substrate interaction, specifically with reference to collagen and other extra cellular matrix proteins.

Velmurugan, Punitha, Raghava Rao Jonnalagadda, Kamatchi Sankaranarayanan, Aruna Dhathathreyan

Materials Science and Engineering: C





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