The integration of rapid on-chip sample derivatization employing naphthalene 2,3-dicarboxaldehyde and 2-mercaptoethanol (NDA/2ME) with an easily assembled microdialysis/microchip electrophoresis device was carried out. The microchip device consisted of a glass layer with etched microfluidic channels that was sealed with a layer of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) via plasma oxidation. This simple sealing procedure alleviated the need for glass thermal bonding and allowed the device to be re-sealed in the event of blockages within the channels. The device was used for analysis of a mixture of amino acids and peptides derivatized on-chip with NDA/2ME for laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection. A 0.6 mM NDA/1.2 mM 2ME mixture was simply added into the buffer reservoir for dynamic on-column derivatization of sample mixtures introduced at a flow rate of 1.0 μl/min. Using this scheme, sample injection plugs were derivatized and separated simultaneously. Injections of ca. 12 fmol of 5 mM amino acid and peptide samples were conducted using the system. Finally, a three-component mixture of Arg, Gly-Pro, and Asp was sampled from a vial using microdialysis, derivatized, separated and detected with the system. The ultimate goal of this effort is the creation of a micro-total analysis system for high-temporal resolution monitoring of primary amines in biological systems.
Huynh, B. H., B. A. Fogarty, P. Nandi, S. A. Lunte
J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal.